Understanding Home Mortgage Loans

The price of houses keeps rising across the US. Since most require a down payment that is more than a renter can afford, how do you become a home owner when you don’t have the savings to cover the down payment? The answer is a home mortgage to purchase your house.

A home mortgage is different from a home loan. A mortgage is a contact that is required for you to obtain a loan from a banking institution or lending company. The actual loan is the money the lender provides.

In recent years, the types of mortgages for the home that are available to the public have increased dramatically. I remember purchasing my first home when most loans required a twenty percent down payment. Today, loan terms and the rate status are different with home mortgages and is applied depending on the financial situation at the time of the loan. Some mortgages offer better terms when the interest rates are low and others rise with high mortgage rates.

With a fixed rate mortgage, the interest rate remains the same for the duration of the loan. Therefore, your monthly payment remains the same, even when interest rates rise. This type of home mortgage usually extends for a term of 15 or 30 years.

The amortization period for 30-year fixed rate mortgages is longer and the monthly payments are lower. Although you can borrow money on a long-term basis, it comes with a high interest bill and builds equity very slowly.

With a 15-year fixed rate home mortgage, the amortization period is shorter allowing equity to build quickly with interest bills much lower. Expect to pay higher monthly payments with this type of home mortgage loan period.

Adjustable rate home mortgages have lower interest rates. Keep in mind, this low interest rate is only for a short time. Usually after the first year, the new interest rate will rise or fall, depending on the movement of the lending company’s prime rate.

If you’re considering an adjustable rate home mortgage, make sure the interest rate is low enough to be an advantage. Your monthly payment will remain low when the interest rate is low, but when interest rates rise, you may be left with a monthly payment you are unable or unwilling to pay.

Once you’re in the home of your desire, your property begins to accumulate equity with the rise in home prices. If you find yourself in need of quick cash, you can always take out the equity with a home equity loan. The home mortgage rates for home equity loans have always been thought to be higher than the home mortgage rates of other loan types. If you plan to stay in the home for many years, this may be a good option for you, otherwise don’t sacrifice the equity unless you absolutely must.

Once you understand the types of home mortgages that are available, you will need to decide what you must have in your new home and what you consider as an “extra.” You’ll want to find the best interest rate, but you’ll also find that homes in your price range may not include everything you want. So be prepared to negotiate and willing to sacrifice if you find a great deal. Once you’re in your home, you can always upgrade in a few years, using the equity you’ve built up in your property.

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